Peanut, a Bull Terrier, whose vet
is Dr. Robinson


Dogs and Cats

To ensure the very best protection for your dog and cat companions
—from their earliest months to their golden years—we tailor vaccine protocols to each individual pet’s lifestyle needs.

Core Canine Vaccinations

Core canine vaccinations are those that are considered to be important to all dogs. These include:

Rabies vaccine - Rabies is a fatal disease which can infect both pets and people. Rabies is an incurable disease of the nervous system that is nearly always fatal. Worse yet, it is transmitted between most animal species, including humans. Although rabies transmission requires direct body fluid contact, even indoor pets can be at risk since sick wild animals may enter homes. Regular rabies vaccination is mandated by law in most states.

DHPP vaccine is considered the core vaccine and should be included for all ages (initial puppy series of 4 shots each injection being 3 weeks apart), then booster every 3 years.

Canine Distemper is a serious, highly contagious disease. It weakens the immune system, leaving infected dogs vulnerable to other infections. Symptoms include fever, coughing, green nasal and eye discharge, vomiting, diarrhea, dehydration, loss of appetite, thickened toe pads, muscle twitching, seizures, and blindness. Puppies are most susceptible. Distemper is fatal in up to 90% of cases. Fortunately, the vaccination is very effective if given prior to the dogs exposure.

There are two forms of Canine Adenovirus, CAV-1 and CAV-2. Vaccination with CAV-2 provides protection against both. CAV-1 is the cause of Infectious Canine Hepatitis, which damages the liver. CAV-2 is one of several organisms that can cause Infectious Canine Tracheobronchitis, or Kennel Cough. Just as you would expect, the main sign is a persistent cough. Its spread mainly in places where large numbers of dogs are in close proximity, such as kennels, shelters, grooming facilities, or dog shows.

Canine Parvovirus (CPV) is a highly contagious disease affecting the digestive system. It can also weaken the immune system and damage the heart. Signs include fever, lethargy, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, dehydration and loss of appetite. It can be fatal, especially in puppies born to un-vaccinated mothers. Parvovirus treatment usually requires hospitalization.

Canine Coronavirus - This virus causes gastrointestinal illness similar to parvovirus, but milder.

Non-core canine vaccinations are those that are typically given based on a patient’s risk of exposure. These include:

Lyme vaccine - Lyme disease is a serious disease carried by ticks, and dogs which are prone to tick exposure are candidates for the Lyme disease vaccine. Lyme disease is contagious to humans as well (transmitted through the bite of a contagious tick). (initial series of 2 shots, then annual booster).

Bordetella vaccine - Bordetella is a common component of “kennel cough.” This vaccination is recommended (and sometimes required) for dogs that frequent the dog park, the groomer, or boarding facilities.

Rattlesnake vaccine – Rattlesnake vaccine is recommended for all dogs with significant risk of rattlesnake bite. (initial series of 2 shots, then annual booster).

If your dog has been bitten by a rattlesnake and has received the rattlesnake vaccine, still seek veterinary attention immediately.

More information on the rattlesnake vaccine can be obtained at:

Leptospirosis vaccine - Leptospirosis is a serious disease which is transmitted in the urine of wild animals. This disease is contagious to people as well as dogs. For this reason, leptospirosis vaccination is recommended for dogs that have some exposure to areas inhabited by wildlife (e.g. they will go to the river or the lake, or they have a yard visited by animals such as raccoons or skunks). (initial series of 2 shots, then annual booster).

Feline vaccinations:

Rabies vaccination - An initial Rabies vaccination is given at 3 months of age, and the boosters are given every year for cats.

FVRCP is considered the core vaccine, and should be included for all ages (initial series of 2 shots, then annual booster).

Leukemia vaccinations are recommended for all cats exposed to stray cats, especially stray tomcats, are aggressive to other cats, or live in multicat households (initial series of 2 shots, then annual boosters).


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Missouri Flat Pet Clinic     4545 Missouri Flat Road     Placerville, CA 95667     530-622-8295

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